The Bulk-Synchronous Parallel Model
The bulk-synchronous parallel (BSP) model of computation was introduced by Valiant  in the early 1990s, and further developed over the ensuing years [34, 35,41, 48–50]. Its primary purpose is to act as a “bridging model”  mitigating the discrepancies between parallel architectures and the software executed on them. In other words, BSP is intended to be a universal model of parallel computing, capable of providing a reliable underlying framework for the design of both scalable parallel architectures and portable parallel applications .
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