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Lipid Disorder

  • T. Shoji
  • Y. Nishizawa

Abstract

Epidemiological studies in a cohort of 2,185 male subjects identified a higher serum calcium concentration within the normal range as an independent prospective risk factor for myocardial infarction during 18 years of follow-up [1], This was confirmed by a recent cross-sectional study of 12,865 men and 14,293 women showing that serum calcium was higher in men with a history of myocardial infarction than in those without [2]. Since calcium has diverse effects on cellular functions, extracellular and intracellular abnormalities in calcium may affect the cardiovascular risk factor profile. This chapter summarises the findings regarding the possible relationship between calcium and lipid disorder (Table 10.6). First, we briefly describe human lipoprotein metabolism in normal conditions, then changes in lipid metabolism in chronic renal failure, as a model for the study of the effects of calcium and related factors on lipid disorder (Table 10.7). This chapter also deals with possible lipid abnormalities in primary hyperparathyroidism and other topics.

Keywords

Chronic Renal Failure Primary Hyperparathyroidism Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Cholesterol Efflux Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Shoji
  • Y. Nishizawa

There are no affiliations available

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