Guidelines for a ‘Proximal’ User Interface

  • Andrew Basden
Conference paper


The user interface too often “gets in the way” of users. This paper argues that to get it out of the way requires not just improvements on existing interfaces, but a completely different approach: a ‘proximal’ user interface. It questions a number of basic mutually supportive assumptions regarding user interfaces and so constitutes a new paradigm for user interface research and development. However, much can be accomplished immediately, even with our partial knowledge of proximality. This paper sets out some draft principles of the proximal user interface, and demonstrates how they have been worked out as guidelines for interface design.


User Interface Internal Representation Cognitive Effort Direct Manipulation Semantic Operation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Basden
    • 1
  1. 1.Information Systems InstituteUniversity of SalfordUK

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