Computation in Neuromorphic Analog VLSI Systems
In this paper we present an overview of basic neuromorphic analog circuits that are typically used as building blocks for more complex neuromorphic systems. We present the main principles used by the neuromorphic engineering community and describe, as case example, a neuromorphic VLSI system for modeling selective visual attention.
KeywordsHexagonal Retina Stim
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- K.A. Boahen. Multiple pathways: Retinomorphic chips that see quadruple images. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Microelectronics for Neural, Fuzzy and Bio-inspired Systems; Microneuro’99, pages 12–20, Los Alamitos, CA, April 1999. IEEE Computer Society.Google Scholar
- K.A. Boahen and A.G. Andreou. A contrast sensitive silicon retina with reciprocal synapses. In D.S. Touretzky, M.C. Mozer, and M.E. Hasselmo, editors, Advances in neural information processing systems, volume 4. IEEE, MIT Press, 1992.Google Scholar
- S. R. Deiss, R. J. Douglas, and A. M. Whatley. A pulse-coded communications infrastructure for neuromorphic systems. In W. Maass and C. M. Bishop, editors, Pulsed Neural Networks, chapter 6, pages 157–178. MIT Press, 1998.Google Scholar
- T. Delbrück. Analog VLSI phototransduction by continuous-time, adaptive, logarithmic photoreceptor circuits. Technical report, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 1994. CNS Memo No. 30.Google Scholar
- C. Higgins and C. Koch. Multi-chip motion processing. In Proc. Conf. Advanced Research in VLSI, Atlanta, GA, 1998.Google Scholar
- G. Indiveri. A current-mode analog hysteretic winner-take-all network, with excitatory and inhibitory coupling. Jour. of Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 2001. In Press.Google Scholar
- C. Koch and I. Segev. Methods in Neural Modeling. MIT Press, 1989.Google Scholar
- C. Koch and S Ullman. Shifts in selective visual-attention — towards the underlying neural circuitry. Human Neurobiology, 4(4)219–227, 1985.Google Scholar
- M. Mahowald and C. Mead. Analog VLSI and Neural Systems, chapter Silicon Retina, pages 257–278. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1989.Google Scholar
- M.A. Mahowald. VLSI analogs of neuronal visual processing: a synthesis of form and function. PhD thesis, Department of Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA., 1992.Google Scholar
- E.A. Vittoz. Micropower techniques. In J.E. Franca and Y.P. Tsidivis, editors, Design of VLSI Circuits for Telecommunications and Signal Processing. Prentice Hall, 1994.Google Scholar
- A. L. Yarbus. Eye movements and vision. Plenum Press, 1967.Google Scholar