Advertisement

Human Factors Considerations for System Safety

  • Carl Sandom
Conference paper

Abstract

The author has found that in many cases industry produces Safety Case reports that provide only limited safety assurance and, like the proverbial `head in the sand’ ostrich, the dominant system safety risks associated with the human factors are too often ignored. This paper provides a brief outline of the Human Factors discipline and its important relationship with systems safety. The paper then provides a discussion on some of the more commonly experienced human-factors problems relating to systems procurement, human-computer interaction and organisational issues before making some modest proposals for improvements in these areas. The paper concludes that the application of Human Factors techniques promotes engineering solutions that take account of human capabilities and limitations which can address the major risks to systems safety.

Keywords

Human Factor Situational Awareness Safety Culture Human Factor Integration Human Failure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Billings 1995.
    Billings C. E: Situation Awareness Measurement and Analysis: A Commentary, in Garland D. J. and Endsley M. R., (Eds), Experimental Analysis and Measurement of Situation Awareness, Proc. of an Int Conf, FL:USA, November 1995Google Scholar
  2. Booher 1990.
    Booher H R (Ed.): MANPRINT — An Approach to Systems Integration, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990Google Scholar
  3. CAA, 1998a.
    Civil Aviation Authority: Aircraft Proximity Reports: Airprox (C) - Controller Reported, August 1997 - December 1997, Vol 13, Civil Aviation Authority, London, March 1998Google Scholar
  4. CAA, 1998b.
    Civil Aviation Authority: Analysis of Airprox (P) in the UK: Join Airprox Working Group Report No. 3/97, September 1997 - December 1997, Civil Aviation Authority, London, August 1998Google Scholar
  5. Endsley 1995.
    Endsley M R: Measurement of Situation Awareness in Dynamic Systems, Human Factors, 37(1), 65–84, March 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hopkin 1995.
    Hopkin V D: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control, Taylor and Francis, London, 1995Google Scholar
  7. IDS 00-25/12 1989.
    UK Ministry of Defence Interim Defence Standard 00–25 (Part 12)/Issue 1, Human Factors for Designers of Equipment, Part 12: Systems, July 1989Google Scholar
  8. Kirwan 1994.
    Kirwan B: A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment, Taylor and Francis, London 1994Google Scholar
  9. Macredie and Sandom 1999.
    Macredie R D and Sandom C: IT-enabled Change: Evaluating an Improvisational Perspective. European Journal of Information System, 8:247–259, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Noyes and Baber 1999.
    Noyes J and Baber C: User-Centred Design of Systems, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Perrow 1984.
    Perrow C: Normal Accidents, Princeton Unuiversuty Press, 1984 (2“ edition, 1999)Google Scholar
  12. Sandom 1999.
    Sandom C: Situational Awareness through the Interface: Evaluating Safety in Safety Critical Control Systems. IEE Proceedings of People in Control, University of Bath, UK, 21 — 23 June 1999Google Scholar
  13. Sandom 2001.
    Sandom C: Situational Awareness, in Noyes J and Bransby M (Eds.), People in Control: Human Factors in Control Room Design, IEE Publishing. November 2001 139Google Scholar
  14. Trenner and Bawa 1998.
    Trenner L and Bawa J: The Politics of Usability, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Woods et. al. 1994
    Woods D D, Johannesen L J, Cook R I and Sarter N B: Behind Human Error: Cognitive Systems, Computers and Hindsight, CERIACS SOAR 94–01, Ohio State University, December 1994Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Sandom
    • 1
  1. 1.Thales Defence Information SystemsUK

Personalised recommendations