Oxide Nanostructures for Energy Storage

  • Yuan Yang
  • Jang Wook Choi
  • Yi Cui
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 149)


Solving energy issues is one of the greatest challenges in the twenty-first century. Energy storage is critical as it plays an important role in almost every aspect of energy application. Batteries and electrochemical capacitors are the most widely used energy storage devices, such as in portable devices, power tools, electric vehicles, and smart grids. However, devices with better performance, such as higher energy density, longer cycle life, and faster charge/discharge rate, are still desired. Novel materials are crucial to achieve these goals. In view of this, nanostructured materials offer great promise because of the unusual properties from their small dimensions and the combination of bulk and surface properties to the overall behavior. In this chapter, the effect of nanostructures on various oxide materials in batteries/capacitors will be discussed. In general, nanostructured materials significantly enhance the power capability of both batteries and capacitors. Moreover, cycle life and energy density are also improved for many oxides, especially those with conversion reactions.



The authors acknowledge support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford University. Yuan Yang acknowledges support from Stanford Graduate Fellowship.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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