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Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ)

  • Azmeh Shahid
  • Kate Wilkinson
  • Shai Marcu
  • Colin M. Shapiro
Chapter

Abstract

Consisting of 30 items, the PSQ was developed as an instrument for assessing the stressful life events and circumstances that tend to trigger or exacerbate disease symptoms. With stress bearing significantly on the quality and consistency of the sleep cycle [1], the PSQ is a potentially valuable tool for evaluating the underlying causes of sleep disturbances. The scale is specifically recommended for clinical settings, though it has been employed in research studies as well.

References

  1. 1.
    Van Reeth, O., Weibel, L., Spiegel, K., Leproult, R., Dugovic, C., & Maccari, S. (2000). Interactions between stress and sleep: from basic research to ­clinical situations. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 4(2), 201–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Levenstein, S., Prantera, C., Varvo, V., Scribano, M. L., Berto, E., Luzi, C., & Andreoli, A. (1993). Development of the perceived stress questionnaire: a new tool for psychosomatic research. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 37(1), 19–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Representative Studies Using Scale

  1. Levenstein, S., Prantera, C., Varvo, V., Scribano, M. L., Andreoli, A., Luzi, C., Arcà, M., Berto, E., Milite, G., & Marcheggiano, A. (2000). Stress and exacerbation in ulcerative colitis: a prospective study of patients enrolled in remission. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 95, 1213–1220.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Öhman, L., Bergdahl, J., Nyberg, L., & Nilsson, L. G. (2007). Longitudinal analysis of the relation between moderate long-term stress and health. Stress and Health, 23(2), 131–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azmeh Shahid
    • 1
  • Kate Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Shai Marcu
    • 2
  • Colin M. Shapiro
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada

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