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General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS)

  • Azmeh ShahidEmail author
  • Kate Wilkinson
  • Shai Marcu
  • Colin M. Shapiro
Chapter

Abstract

The GSDS is a 21-item scale initially designed to evaluate the incidence and nature of sleep disturbances in employed women. Questions pertain to a variety of general sleep issues, including: problems initiating sleep, waking up during sleep, waking too early from sleep, quality of sleep, quantity of sleep, fatigue and alertness at work, and the use of substances to induce sleep.

Keywords

Public Health Internal Medicine Mental Disorder General Practice Family Medicine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Lee, S. Y. (2007). Validating the general sleep disturbance scale among Chinese American parents with hospitalized infants. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18(2), 111–117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dowling, G., Mastick, J., Colling, E., Carter, J., Singer, C., & Aminoff, M. (2005). Melatonin for sleep disturbances in Parkinson’s disease. Sleep Medicine, 6(5), 459–466.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee, K., Cho, M., Miaskowski, C., & Dodd, M. (2004). Impaired sleep and rhythms in persons with cancer. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 8(3), 199–212.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee, K. A. (1992). Self-reported sleep disturbances in employed women. Sleep, 15, 493–498.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gay, C. L., Lee, K. A., & Lee, S. Y. (2004). Sleep patterns and fatigue in new mothers and fathers. Biological Research for Nursing, 5, 311–318.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Representative Studies Using Scale

  1. Lee, K. A., Zaffke, M. E., Baratte-Beebee, K. (2004). Restless legs syndrome and sleep disturbance during pregnancy: the role of folate and iron. Journal of Women’s Health and Gender-Based Medicine, 10(4), 335–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gay, C. L., Lee, K. A., & Lee, S. Y. (2004). Sleep patterns and fatigue in new mothers and fathers. Biological Research for Nursing, 5(4), 311–318.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azmeh Shahid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kate Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Shai Marcu
    • 2
  • Colin M. Shapiro
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada

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