Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), 1½–5

  • Azmeh ShahidEmail author
  • Kate Wilkinson
  • Shai Marcu
  • Colin M. Shapiro


Completed from the perspective of the child’s parent or guardian, the questionnaire evaluates a variety of behavioral problems and competencies in young children. Parents respond to 99 Likert-type items by selecting the option that best represents their child’s behavior over the past 6 months (0 = “Not true (as far as you know),” 1 = “Somewhat or sometimes true,” and 2 = “Very true or often true”).


  1. 1.
    Chervin, R. D., Dillon, J. E., Bassetti, C., Ganoczy, D. A., & Pituch, K. J. (1997). Symptoms of sleep disorders, inattention, and hyperactivity in children. Sleep, 20(12), 1185–1192.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goodman, R., & Scott, S. (1999). Comparing the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Child Behavior Checklist: is small beautiful? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27(1), 17–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Representative Studies Using Scale

  1. Van Zejil, J., Mesman, J., Van IJzendoorn, M. H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Juffer, F., Stolk, M. N., Koot, H. M., & Alink, L. R. A. (2006). Attachment-based intervention for enhancing sensitive discipline in mothers of 1- to 3-year-old children at risk for externalizing behavior problems: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(6), 994–1005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Weaver, C. M., Shaw, D. S., Dishion, T. J., & Wilson, M. N. (2008). Parenting self-efficacy and problem behavior in children at high risk for early conduct problems: the mediating role of maternal depression. Infant Behavior and Development, 31(4), 594–605.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azmeh Shahid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kate Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Shai Marcu
    • 2
  • Colin M. Shapiro
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada

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