A pedagogical image processing tool to understand structural dynamics
This paper presents a framework and one pedagogical application of motion tracking algorithms applied to structural dynamics. The aim of this work is to show the ability of high speed camera to study the dynamic characteristics of simple mechanical systems using a marker less and simultaneous Single Input Multiple Output (SIMO) broadband analysis. KLT (Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi) trackers are used as virtual sensors on mechanical systems video. First we introduce the paradigm of virtual sensors in the field of modal analysis using video processing. Then we present a pedagogical example of flexible beam (Fishing rod) video. From KLT tracking we extracted displacements data (virtual sensors) which are then enhanced using filtering and smoothing and then we can identify natural frequency and damping ratio from classical modal analysis. The experimental results (mode shapes) are compared to an analytical flexible beam model showing high correlation but also showing the limitation of linear analysis. The main interest of this paper is that displacements are simply measured using only video at FPS (Frame Per Second) that respects the Nyquist frequency. There is no target needed on the structure only few critical pixels that are good features to track and which become virtual sensors.
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