Skip to main content

Methods for Nutritional Quality Evaluation of Food Materials

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Analytical Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Abstract

A good and balanced-diet consists of all the nutrients required for the metabolism, viz., carbohydrates, protein, oils and fats, minerals and vitamins in right proportion as per the needs of different age groups. Cereals such as rice, wheat, maize and barley and millets provide protein and energy, while pulses and oilseeds are the rich sources of protein and energy, respectively. The diets based on cereals and pulses are generally deficient in one or the other nutrient. Protein-calorie malnutrition is wide spread among majority of population in developing countries. In order to effectively control protein-calorie malnutrition, it is essential to know the nutritional requirements as well as nutritive quality of various food grains. The presence of various anti-nutritional factors like proteolytic enzyme inhibitors, polyphenols, phytic acid and lathyrogens in cereals and pulses can result in impaired growth or produce acute and lethal effects and also reduce the availability of otherwise good proteins in the diet. The presence of excessive amounts of fibre and tannins (polyphenols) in cereals might be responsible for their reduced digestibility and lower biological value. Likewise, the quality of oil is also an important area concerning human health. The oilseed like mustard may have abnormal content of erucic acid or glucosinolates. Therefore, nutritional evaluation of food stuffs becomes important for ensuring good and healthy diet.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

  • A.O.A.C. (1984). Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 13th edition. (Ed. Harwitz, W.), A.O.A.C., Washington, D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  • A.O.A.C. (1995). Modification of tannin estimation by Folin-Denis reagent (Konard, D., Christensen, I.A.E.A., 1974) A.O.A.C., Washington, D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  • A.O.A.C. (1962). Official Methods of American Association of Cereal Chemists. A.O.A.C., Washington, D.C., pp. 14–50.

    Google Scholar 

  • A.O.A.C. (1965). Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 10th Edition. A.O.A.C., Washington, D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  • A.O.A.C. (1970). Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 11th edition. A.O.A.C., Washington, D.C., p 815.

    Google Scholar 

  • A.O.A.C. (1995). In: Natural Toxins (49th chapt.). Official Methods of Analysis of A.O.A.C. International, 16th Edn., (Vol. II), Virginia, USA, pp. 37–49.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brezezinski, W. and Mendelewski, P. (1984). Determination of total glucosinolate content in rapeseed meal with thymol reagent. Z Pflanzenzuchtg. 93: 177–183.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clegg, K.M. (1956). The application of anthrone reagent to the estimation of starch in cereals. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 7: 40–44.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Eggum, B.O. (1973). A study of certain factors influencing protein utilization in rats and pigs. Beretning fra forsogstaborats rict, Kobenhvnv, pp. 135–147.

    Google Scholar 

  • Goering, H.D. and Van Soest, P.J. (1975) Forage Fibre Analysis. US Dept of Agriculture Research Service, Washington, DC.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jayaraman, K.S., Ramanuja, M.N., Vijayaraghavan, P.K. and Vaidyanathan, C.S. (1987). Oxidative enzyme in pearl millet. Food Chem. 24: 203.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kakade, M.L., Simons, N. and Liener, I.E. (1969). An evaluation of natural vs. synthetic substrates for measuring the antitryptic activity of soybean samples. Cereal Chem. 65 (5): 518–526.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kasturi, R. and Vasantharajan, V.N. (1976). Properties of acetylcholinesterase from Pisum sativum. Phytochem.15: 1345.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kruger, J.E. (1972). Changes in the amylases of hard red spring wheat during germination. Cereal Chem. 49: 379.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L. and Randall, R.J. (1951). Protein measurement with the Folin Phenol Reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 193: 265.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McGhee, J.E., Kirk, L.D. and Mustakas, G.G. 1965. Total glucosinolates method for Brassica species. J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 42: 889–891.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Misra, B.K. and Gupta, R.K. (1995). Protocols for evaluation of wheat quality. Technical Bulletin No. 3, Directorate of Wheat Resarch, Karnal (Haryana).

    Google Scholar 

  • Misra, P.S., Mertz, E.T. and Glover, D.V. (1975). Studies on corn protein. Free amino acid content of opaque-2 and double mutants. Cereal Chem. 52: 844.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mullis, K., Faloona, F., Scharf, S., Saiki, R., Horn, G. and Erlich, H. (1986). Specific enzymatic amplification of DNA in vitro. The polymerase chain reaction. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 51: 263–273.

    Google Scholar 

  • Oberbacher, M.F. and Vines, H.M. (1963). Spectrophotometric assay of ascorbic acid oxidase. Nature 197: 1203.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rao, S.L.N. (1978). A sensitive and specific colorimetric method for the determination of α, β-diaminopropionic acid and the Lathyrus sativus neurotoxin. Anal. Biochem. 86: 386–395.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Reddy, M.M. and Gasber, E.O. (1971). Genetic studies of variant enzyme III. Comparative electrophoretic studies of esterases and peroxidases for species, hybrids and amphidiploids in the genus Nicotiana. Bot. Gaz. 132: 158–166.

    Google Scholar 

  • Satterlee, L.D., Marshall, H.F. and Tennyson, J.M. (1979). Measuring protein quality. J. Am. Oil Chemists Soc. 56: 103–109.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Saunders, R.M. and Kohler, G.O. (1972). In vitro determination of protein digestibility in wheat mill feeds for monogastric animals. Cereal Chem. 49: 98–103.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Segel, I.H. (1976). Biochemical Calculations, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shastry, B.S. and Rao, M.R. (1975). Studies on lipoxygenase from rice bran. Cereal Chem. 52 (5): 597–603.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, B.J., Toogood, C.I.A. and Johns, E.W. (1980). Quantitative staining of submicrogram amounts of histone and high-mobility group proteins on sodium dodecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gels. J. Chromatog. 200: 200–205.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Stoll, V.S. and Blanchard, J.S. (1990). Buffers: Principles and Practice. In: Methods in Enzymol., Vol. 182, pp 24–38 (Ed. Deutscher, M.P.), Academic Press, NewYork.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tempest, D.W., Meers, J.L. and Brown, C.M. (1970). Synthesis of glutamate in Aerobacter aerogenes by a hitherto unknown route. Biochem. J. 117: 405.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Van Soest, P.J. (1963). Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. A rapid method for the determination of fibre lignin. J. Assoc. Off. Agric. Chem. 46: 829–835.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vega, J.M., Jacobo, C. and Manuel, L. (1980) In: Methods in Enzymol. (Ed. San Pietro, A.) Academic Press, New York 69, p 255.

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams, P.C., Kuzina, F.D. and Hlynka, I. (1970). A rapid colorimetric procedure for estimating the amylase content of starches and flours. Cereal Chem. 47: 411–420.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wim Gaastra (1984) In: Methods in Mol. Bio. Vol. 1 Proteins (Ed. Walker, J.M.) Humana, New Jersey, p 349.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rajan Katoch .

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Katoch, R. (2011). Methods for Nutritional Quality Evaluation of Food Materials. In: Analytical Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9785-2_13

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics