Experimental Research on Investigation of Metro Passenger Evacuation Behaviors in Case of Emergency
As traffic problems in major and medium cities of China are getting increasingly serious and the demands for public transit are rising dramatically, the construction of subways and light-rail transit systems is imperative in the construction of infrastructures in various major cities and is also the symbol of modernized metropolitans. The total length of subway to be built and completed in China by 2010 is 1200 km. However, the social influence would be great once the emergency occurs in metro. To realize and grasp the characteristics of evacuation behavior of passengers in metro emergency is the precondition for the operation enterprise to constitute effective planning of emergency evacuation and conduct the passengers’ evacuation to safe area reasonably and quickly. The discrepancy in economy, culture, population and number of operational subway routes in different cities are bound to result in different passenger evacuation characteristics in case of any subway emergency. In this article, by questionnaire survey method and statistical analysis method, an investigation was conducted on the safety awareness and safe evacuation behavior of subway passengers in three different regions in China, namely Beijing (BJ),Nanjing (NJ) and Guangzhou (GZ), based on which the characteristics of subway passengers evacuation behavior in these cities were analyzed.
KeywordsTransportation Smoke Smog Stampede
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The authors would like to thank National Natural Science Foundation of China for supporting this research under contract 50704027, 50674079 and 70833006, and “11th Five” National Key Technologies R&D Program under contract 2008BAB37B05-05.
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