In the process of metal electrodeposition metal ions are reduced at the substrate
, forming adsorbed atoms that diffuse on the substrate surface; these adatoms
will eventually contact other adatoms, forming atomic clusters that may be stable or unstable. Unstable clusters will eventually disappear, while stable clusters will be able to grow, finally forming the film.
- Induction Time
- Planck Equation
- Critical Nucleus
- Unit Surface Area
- Steady State Flux
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