NanoBiosensing pp 207-239 | Cite as

Electrochemical Biosensing Based on Carbon Nanotubes

  • Huangxian Ju
  • Xueji Zhang
  • Joseph Wang
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)


Since their discovery, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been extensively investigated as essential platforms in constructing electrochemical biosensors. CNTs can be classified into two basic varieties: single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), which are a single layer of graphene sheet rolled into cylindrical tubes, and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) comprised of multiple layers of concentric cylinders with a spacing of about 0.34 nm between the adjacent cyclinders (Fig. 7.1). The lengths of the nanotubes can range from several hundred nanometers to several micrometers, and the diameters from 0.2–2 nm for SWCNTs and from 2 to 100 nm for MWCNTs [1]. CNT synthesis techniques can be classified into three major categories: laser ablation, catalytic arc discharge, and chemical vapor deposition [2]. Due to the diameters being similar to or smaller than those of individual biomolecules, CNTs are expected to serve as high-performance electrical conduits for interfacing with biological systems.


Ionic Liquid Glassy Carbon Electrode Prussian Blue Redox Mediator Redox Polymer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanjing UniversityNanjingP.R. China
  2. 2.World Precision Instruments, Inc.SarasotaUSA
  3. 3.University of Science & TechnologyBeijingP.R. China
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

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