Processing and Properties of Textured Bismuth Layer-Structured Ferroelectrics



Bismuth layer-structured ferroelectrics (BLSFs) are one of the candidates for lead-free piezoelectrics for high temperature and high frequency applications. BLSFs have a layer structure with a general formula (Bi2O2)(A m−1B m O3m+1), where A denotes mono-, di-, or trivalent ions with a large ionic radius, and B denotes tetra-, penta-, or hexavalent ions with a small ionic radius, and m is an integer between 1 and 5. The crystal structure is composed of pseudo-perovskite blocks (A m−1B m O3m+1)2− interleaved with (Bi2O2)2+ layers along c-axis (pp. 226–229 in Jaffe et al. [8]).


Molten Salt Piezoelectric Property Texture Development Green Compact Plate Face 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Bedoya C, Muller Ch, Jacob F, Gagou Y, Fremy M-A, Elkaim E (2002) Magnetic-field-induced orientation in Co-doped SrBi2Ta2O9 ferroelectric oxide. J Phys Condens Matter 14(45):11849–11857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chazono H, Kimura T, Yamaguchi T (1986) Fabrication of grain-oriented Bi4Ti3O12 ceramics by normal sintering (Part 2) sintering mechanisms. Yogyo Kyokai Shi 94(3):324–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fuse K (2006) Mechanisms of texture development in Bi0.5(Na1-xKx)TiO3 made by reactive-templated grain growth. Master thesis, Keio University, Japan, March 2006Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Horn JA, Zhang SC, Selvaraj U, Messing GL, Trolier-McKinstry S (1999) Templated grain growth of textured bismuth titanate. J Am Ceram Soc 82(4):921–926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Howe JM (1997) Interfaces in materials. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Igarashi H, Matsunaga K, Taniai T, Okazaki K (1978) Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of grain-oriented PbBi2Nb2O9 ceramics. Am Ceram Soc Bull 57(9):815–817Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ikegami S, Ueda I (1974) Piezoelectricity in ceramics of ferroelectric bismuth compound with layer structure. Jpn J Appl Phys 13:1572–1577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jaffe B, Cook WR Jr, Jaffe H (1971) Piezoelectric ceramics. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim HJ, Krane MJM, Trumble KP, Bowman KJ (2006) Analytical fluid flow models for tape casting. J Am Ceram Soc 89(9):2769–2775Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kimura T, Miyazaki C (2007) Effect of matrix particle size on texture development in SrBi4Ti4O15 made by templated grain growth. J Electroceramics 19(4):281–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kimura T, Yamaguchi T (1982) Morphology of Bi2WO6 powders obtained in the presence of fused salt. J Mater Sci 17(7):1863–1870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kimura T, Yamaguchi T (1983) Fused salt synthesis of Bi4Ti3O12. Ceram Int 9(1):13–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kimura T, Yamaguchi T (1987) Morphology control of electronic ceramic powders by molten salt synthesis. Adv Ceram 21:169–177Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kimura T, Yoshida Y (2006) Origin of texture development in barium bismuth titanate prepared by the templated grain growth method. J Am Ceram Soc 89(3):869–874CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kimura T, Miyazaki C, Tsuzuki K, Fuse K, Motohashi T (2008) Effect of surface energy anisotropy on microstructure development of piezoelectric ceramics made by templated grain growth process. In: Proceedings of the 10th international conference of European ceramic society, Berlin, Germany, June 2007, pp 626–631Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kingery WD, Bowen HK, Uhlmann DR (1976) Introduction to ceramics, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lotgering K (1959) Topotactical reactions with ferrimagnetic oxides having hexagonal crystal structures – I. J Inorg Nucl Chem 9(2):113–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mistler RE, Twiname ER (2000) Tape casting theory and practice. American Ceramic Society, WestervilleGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Noguchi Y, Suzuki N, Kitanaka Y, Teranishi S, Miyayama M (2008) Appl Phys Lett 93:032904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rahaman MN (2003) Ceramic processing and sintering, 2nd edn. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sakuma Y, Kimura T (2005) Effects of processing methods on texture development and densification in SrBi4Ti4O15 ceramics. J Mater Sci 40(18):4811–4817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sanson A, Whatmore RW (2005) Phase diagram of the Bi4Ti3O12-BaTiO3-(Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3 system. J Am Ceram Soc 88(11):3147–3153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Seabaugh MM, Kerscht IH, Messing GL (1997) Texture development by templated grain growth in liquid-phase-sintered α-alumina. J Am Ceram Soc 80(5):1181–1188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Seabaugh MM, Vaudin MD, Cline JP, Messing GL (2000) Comparison of texture analysis techniques for highly oriented α-Al2O3. J Am Ceram Soc 83(8):2049–2054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Suvaci E, Messing GL (2000) Critical factors in the templated grain growth of textured reaction-bonded alumina. J Am Ceram Soc 83(8):2041–2048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Suzuki M, Miyayama M, Noguchi Y, Uchikoshi T (2008) Enhanced piezoelectric properties of grain-oriented Bi4Ti3O12-BaBi4Ti4O15 ceramics obtained by magnetic-field-assisted electrophoretic deposition method. J Appl Phys 104:014102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Swartz S, Schulze WA, Biggers JV (1981) Fabrication and electrical properties of grain oriented Bi4Ti3O12 ceramics. Ferroelectrics 38(1–4):765–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Takenaka T, Sakata K (1980) Grain orientation and electrical properties of hot-forged Bi4Ti3O12 ceramics. Jpn J Appl Phys 19(1):31–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Takeuchi T, Tani T, Saito Y (1999) Piezoelectric properties of bismuth layer-structured ferroelectric ceramics with a preferred orientation processed by the reactive templated grain growth method. Jpn J Appl Phys 38(9B):5553–5556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Takeuchi T, Tani T, Saito Y (2000) Unidirectionally textured CaBi4Ti4O15 ceramics by the reactive templated grain growth with an extrusion. Jpn J Appl Phys 39(Part I, No. 9B):5577–5580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tamura K (2010) Preparation of textured CaBi4Ti4O15 with high piezoelectric performances. Master thesis, Keio University, Japan, March 2010Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tamura K, Kimura T (2009) The effect of the grain size on piezoelectric properties of textured CaBi4Ti4O15 ceramics. In: Presented at 11th international conference and exhibition of the European ceramic society, Krakow, 21–25 June 2009Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tani T, Kimura T (2006) Crystalline-oriented piezoelectric bulk ceramics with a perovskite-type structure. Adv Appl Ceram 105(1):55–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tsuzuki K (2009) Origin of texture development in Bi4Ti3O12 made by templated grain growth. Master thesis, Keio University, Japan, March 2009Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Watanabe H, Kimura T, Yamaguchi T (1989) Particle orientation during tape casting in the fabrication of grain-oriented bismuth titanate. J Am Ceram Soc 72(2):289–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Watanabe H, Kimura T, Yamaguchi T (1991) Sintering of platelike bismuth titanate powder compacts with preferred orientation. J Am Ceram Soc 74(1):139–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zeng J, Li Y, Yang Q, Jing X, Yin Q (2005) Grain orientation CaBi4Ti4O15 piezoceramics prepared by the screen-printing multilayer grain growth technique. J Eur Ceram Soc 25(12): 2727–2730CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Keio UniversityYokohamaJapan
  2. 2.Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc.NagakuteJapan
  3. 3.Toyota Technological InstituteNagoyaJapan
  4. 4.Toyota Research Institute of North AmericaAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations