Domain Engineering and Phase Transformations



Since high piezoelectricity was found in Pb(ZrxTi1−x )O3 or PZT [1], PZT ceramics have become the most successful piezoelectric materials in practical applications over the past 50 years. Currently, PZT materials are widely used in commercial applications such as actuators, transducers, and sensors. This technical dominance results from high longitudinal electromechanical coupling (k33) and piezoelectric d33 coefficients, in addition to a composition that is adjustable over a wide range of B-site stoichiometry and substituents. Such adaptability of composition offers capability in property control for a broad range of applications.


Piezoelectric Property Monoclinic Phase Field Cool Polarization Rotation Scan Force Microscopy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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