Underemployment Among Minorities and Immigrants



The share of the U.S. population comprised of non-white racial/ethnic minorities has increased dramatically in recent decades, and will continue to do so for decades to come. Due in large part to the impact of immigration, the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that non-whites will represent the numeric majority in the United States starting sometime between 2040 and 2050, an event that has been dubbed the “majority-minority crossover” (Ortman & Guarneri, 2008). These trends strongly suggest that the economic well-being of racial/ethnic minorities and immigrant populations will be an increasingly salient question in the twenty-first century, not just for the members of such groups, but for American society as a whole. Indeed, with the overwhelmingly white baby boomers now beginning to reach retirement age, it will increasingly be non-white workers who will support the entitlement programs (i.e., Social Security and Medicare) upon which older Americans have come to depend after leaving the labor force.


Ethnicity Foreign-born Immigration Race Second-generation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural SociologyPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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