Thermoelectrics with Thermionic Boundary Conditions

Part of the Fundamental Materials Research book series (FMRE)


Good thermoelectrics are usually bulk or multilayer semiconductors.1-4They are used for solid state refrigerators and power generators. Thermionic refrigerators5-8cool by emitting electrons by thermionic emission. Since only “hot” electrons can leave the surface, the remaining system is cooled. It is a form of evaporative cooling.


Thermionic Emission Seebeck Coefficient Joule Heating Thermionic Boundary Condition Thermoelectric Device 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park

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