Registry of Myocarditis and Heart Failure

Predictors of Outcome
  • Min Nian
  • Anne Opavsky
  • Malcolm Arnold
  • Peter Liu
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 248)


Symptomatic heart failure (HF) affects 4.7 million patients in the U.S. with approximately 550,000 new cases identified annually.1-3 Proportionally, there are 428,000 patients in Canada, incurring $8 billion in annual hospital costs alone, an economic burden expected to double in the next 2 decades.4-6 Other forms of cardiovascular disorders are remaining stable, while the incidence of heart failure is increasing. This is partly the consequence of the successful management of acute heart failure, and partly due to an aging population. The rising prevalence of heart failure is occurring in the context of a persistent one-year mortality rate of between 25 and 40%.5


Heart Failure Leave Ventricular Ejection Fraction Acute Heart Failure Viral Myocarditis Acute Myocarditis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min Nian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anne Opavsky
    • 1
    • 2
  • Malcolm Arnold
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Heart & Stroke/Richard Lewar Centre of ExcellenceUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Division of CardiologyToronto General Hospital, University Health NetworkTorontoCanada

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