Advertisement

3G Wireless Communication Systems

  • Asrar U. H. Sheikh

Abstract

The first generation of cellular systems had a relatively short life; these systems survived for nearly ten years. These systems had many limitations and shortcomings. These systems were phased out quickly because of their antiquated technology, expensive hardware, and inadequate capacity. For example, the first generation cellular systems were designed for users in vehicles, rather than those outside. The high powered bulky transmitters were not conducive to portability. The cellular mobile radio systems removed the tie of telephones to buildings and replaced that with a leash to vehicles. The change still did not provide a truly ubiquitous communication, which had been the ultimate desire of users. Being analog, these systems were very inadequate for data transmission, which was seen as the major growth area in telecommunications.

Keywords

Medium Access Control Mobile Station User Equipment Turbo Code Physical Channel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Sub-Committee for Advanced Radio Technologies, Users Performance Requirements, CTIA, June 1988.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    CCIR Report M/8 (Mod F), Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunication System, December 1989.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    H.L. Lester, S.S. Rappaport, C.M. Puckette, “PRCS-A consumer mobile radio telephone communication system with distributed control”, IEEE Global Telecommunication Conference, pp. 1417–1424, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    C.M. Puckette, H.L. Lester, “900 MHz Private radio communication system — A Proposed solution for consumer communication needs”, IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference pp. 389–392, 1983.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    D.C. Cox, H.W. Arnold, and P.T. Porter, “Universal Digital Portable Communications: A System Perspective”, IEEE Trans,. on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. JSAC-5, 1987.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    D.C. Cox,“Universal Portable Radio Communications”, IEEE Trans. on Veh. Tech., vol. VT-34, 1985.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    A.J. Motley, “Advanced Cordless Telecommunication Service”, IEEE JSAC, vol. SAC-5, no. 5, June 1987.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    S.W. Halpern, “Alternatives in Cellular System Design for Serving Portables”, IEEE Veh. Teck Conf Record, pp. 162-167, 1984Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    R. M. Singer and D.A. Irwin, “Personal Communication Services: Expanding the freedom to communicate”, IEEE Communication Magazine, vol. 29, pp 62–66, February 1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    R. Prasad, W. Mohr, and W. Konhäauser, Third Generation Mobile Communication Systems, Artech House, Norwood, 2000.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    3GPP TR25.834, v.4.0.0, UTRA TDD Low Chip Rate Option: Radio Protocol Aspects, 2000.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    ITU Recommendation, ITU-R M.1035, 1994.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    ITU Recommendation, ITU-R M.1308, 1997.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. Korhonen, Introduction to 3G Mobile Communications, Artech House Inc., 2001.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    ARIB IMT-2000 Study Committee, Japan’ s Proposal to Candidate Radio Transmission Technology on IMT-2000: W-CDMA, ARIB, 1998.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Third generation Partnership Project: Technical specification group radio access network; spreading and modulation, (FDD) 3TS/TSGR-0125213U, 3GPP support office, Sophia Antipolis, Valbonne, France, 1999.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Physical channels and mapping of transport channels onto physical channel (FDD), 3GPP TS 25.21 l.v.3.4.0, 3GPP support office, Sophia Antipolis, Valbonne, France, 2000.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    F. Adachi, M. Sawahashi and K. Okawa, “Tree structured generation of orthogonal spreading codes with different length for forward link of DS-CDMA mobile radio”, IEE-Electronics Letters, vol. 33, no.l, pp. 27–28, January 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    ITU Recommendations, R-Series, March 2001.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    B. Jabbari, “Common channel signalling system number 7 for ISDN and intelligent networks”, Proc. IEEE, vol. 79, no, 2, pp. 155–169, February 1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    CCIT Q. 1200 Series Recommendations, Intelligent Network Compatibility Set 1, March 1992.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    G. M. Dean, “Network architecture and control: the defining element in IN evolution”, Proceedings IEEE ICC’91, vol. 7, pp. 40.2.1–40.2.5, 1991.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    E. Fletcher-Haselton, “Service creation environment for intelligent networks”, IEEE Communication Magazine, vol. 30, pp 70–76, February 1992.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    I. G. Ebert, P.S. Richards, and S. J. Harris, “PCS application for a service independent architecture”, Proceedings Comforum (Rye Brook, N.Y.) June 10-11, 1991.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    M. Pierce, F. Fromm, and F. Fink, “Impact of the intelligent network on the capacity of network elements”, IEEE Communication Magazine, vol. 26, pp 25–30, December 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    D. N. Ashitey, An intelligent personal communication system, M.Eng. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa,Canada, 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asrar U. H. Sheikh

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations