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Pseudomonas pp 509-574 | Cite as

Degradation of Chloroaromatics by Pseudomona(d)s

  • Dietmar H. Pieper
  • Walter Reineke

Abstract

Chlorinated hydrocarbons comprise a large spectrum of compounds that are of enormous industrial and economic importance because of their applications and global outputs. Apart from the common feature of having one or more covalent bound chlorine atoms, these compounds show a complex diversity of behavior that is primarily characterized by their aliphatic or aromatic character and the presence of other functional groups. Nevertheless, the introduction of chlorine atom(s) into a hydrocarbon significantly influences its physicochemical and biochemical properties and the tendency for bioaccumulation and environmental persistence. Acting in combination with possible (eco)toxicological effects, these properties have pushed the chloro-chemistry into the focus of considerable debate and governmental regulatory action.

Keywords

Pseudomonas Putida Phenol Hydroxylase Salicylate Hydroxylase Strain LB400 Catabolic Plasmid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dietmar H. Pieper
    • 1
  • Walter Reineke
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental MicrobiologyGBF-German Research Center for BiotechnologyBraunschweigGermany
  2. 2.Chemical MicrobiologyBergische Universität WuppertalWuppertalGermany

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