The Lizard Basilar Papilla and Its Evolution

  • Geoffrey A. Manley
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 22)


Lizards are as structurally diverse as other groups of amniotes, such as mammals and birds. When we look at their hearing organs, however, the structural variety that we see in lizards exceeds that seen in any other amniote group. Its length alone can vary up to a factor of more than 40 times. In fact, this may well be the most variable sense organ seen in vertebrates (Manley 2000c,d).


Hair Cell Basilar Membrane Tectorial Membrane Basilar Papilla Hearing Organ 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

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  • Geoffrey A. Manley

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