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The Evolution of Single- and Multiple-Ossicle Ears in Fishes and Tetrapods

  • Jennifer A. Clack
  • Edgar Allin
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 22)

Abstract

The Ostariophysi are the hearing specialists of the ray-finned world. They are placed cladistically within the euteleosts and include the gonorynchiforms and a much larger group called the Otophysi (see Fig. 5.1 for a phylogeny of the taxa referred to in this chapter). The otophysans are distinguished by having some of the anterior neural arches and supraneurals modified into the “Weberian apparatus.” This system of interarticulating elements is intimately connected to the swim bladder, and forms a unique sound transmission system. Although lacking the Weberian apparatus, other euteleosts nonetheless have hearing capabilities, if not always as acute as those of the otophysans. Weberian ossicles, however, represent a hearing apparatus whose evolution can be traced in the fossil record.

Keywords

Tympanic Membrane Fenestra Vestibuli Otic Capsule Skull Roof Skull Length 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer A. Clack
  • Edgar Allin

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