An Outline of the Evolution of Vertebrate Hearing Organs

  • Geoffrey A. Manley
  • Jennifer A. Clack
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 22)


The aim of this introductory chapter is twofold. First, we provide a phylogenetic framework to enable the reader to place each animal group being discussed in the correct historical context. Second, some major background themes concerning the evolution of the structure and the function of vertebrate hearing organs are briefly introduced. With this background information, the reader should be better able to fit the themes being discussed into their relevant place in the context of vertebrates as a whole.


Hair Cell Outer Hair Cell Tectorial Membrane Basilar Papilla Vestibular Hair Cell 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey A. Manley
  • Jennifer A. Clack

There are no affiliations available

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