The Artificial Urinary Bladder

  • Dorothea Rohrmann


Complete bladder replacement with prosthetic materials was first tried in 1960, when Bogash, Kohler, and Scott reported on their results.3 Their prosthesis was implanted in 8 dogs. The ureters were connected to a sort of artificial conduit made out of silicone, which was then connected to the abdominal wall of the animal. Unfortunately, no animal survived longer than 25 days; most of them developed hydronephrosis.


Migration Catheter Creatinine Mold Polyethylene 


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  1. 1.
    Abbou C, Auvert J: Prosthetic bladder replacement in dogs. In: Wagenknecht LV, Furlow WL, Auvert C, editors. Genitourinary reconstruction with prostheses. Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart 1981.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Apoil A, Sausse A, Stern A: Prothesis in neoplastic ureteral stenosis. Eur Surg Res, 3:180, 1971.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bogash M, Kohler FP, Scott RH: Replacement of the urinary tract by a plastic reservoir with mechanical valves. Surg Forum, 10:900, 1960.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Friedman B, Smith DR, Finkle AL: Prosthetic bladder of silicone rubber in dogs. Incest Urol, 1:323, 1964.Google Scholar
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    Stern A, Bordat JP: Etude experimentale dúne prothese vesicale en elastomere de silicone. J Urol Nephrol, 82(Suppl 2):177, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dorothea Rohrmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Urologische Universitätsklinik der RWTHAachenGermany

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