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Cerebral Correlates of Human Auditory Processing

Perception of Speech and Musical Sounds
  • Robert J. Zatorre

Abstract

Speech and music are perhaps the most interesting way that human cognition makes use of sound. It seems likely that the complex mental operations necessary for the processing of speech and music would demand a correspondingly complex set of neural computations. This paper will review some studies from our laboratory aimed at exploring these issues, utilizing both the traditional behavioral-lesion approach as well as recent brain imaging techniques. Among the latter methods, we have used both functional brain imaging, with positron emission tomography (PET), as well as structural imaging, with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These techniques allow us to explore cerebral activation patterns associated with the performance of certain tasks in healthy volunteer subjects, and also allow us to begin to explore structure-function relationships in the brain. We have followed the strategy of adapting or developing behavioral tasks drawn from the fields of psychophysics and cognitive psychology in order to study the neural correlates of a wide range of psychological processes relevant to auditory cognition. The tasks to be described in this paper focus on aspects of phonetic perception, melodic processing, auditory working memory, and auditory imagery. Each of these areas will be discussed in turn, preceded by a brief introduction to functional imaging methods. To conclude, we present some novel findings from structural imaging measures which may have direct relevance to understanding some aspects of functional results.

Keywords

Cerebral Blood Flow Auditory Cortex Supplementary Motor Area Superior Temporal Gyrus Noise Burst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Zatorre
    • 1
  1. 1.Montreal Neurological InstituteMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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