High Spectral Resolution X-Ray Imaging Crystal Spectrometer for Tokamaks and Stellarators

  • G. Bertschinger
  • M. Bitter
  • D. Rusbüldt


High resolution x-ray spectroscopy is frequently being used for the measurement of basic plasma parameters in high temperature plasmas. These include measurements of the ion and electron temperature, the plasma motion and the abundance of different charge states. Early experiments have been done on PLT and TFR, and more recently on TFTR, JET, JT60, LHD, W7-AS, TORE SUPRA, ALCATOR-C-MOD, TEXTOR and NSTX.


Bragg Angle Bragg Reflection Geometrical Error Bend Crystal Rowland Circle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1).
    Weinheimer, J., I. Ahmad, O. Herzog, and H.-J. Kunze, G. Bertschinger and W. Biel, G. Borchert, M. Bitter, Rev. Sci. Instrum.72, 2566–2574 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2).
    Bertschinger, G., W. Biel, the TEXTOR-94 Team, O. Herzog, J. Weinheimer, H.-J. Kunze and M. Bitter, Physica Scripta. T83, 132–141 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3).
    B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables Vol. 54(no.2), 181–342 (July1993). http://www-cxro.lbl.gOv/optical_constants ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4).
  5. 5).
    B. Fraenkel, M. Bitter, S. von Goeler, and K. W. Hill, J. X-Ray Sci. Technol.7, 171 (1997)Google Scholar
  6. 6).
    F. Cerrina, B. Lai, K. Chapman, C. Welnak, P. Runkle,

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Bertschinger
    • 1
  • M. Bitter
    • 1
  • D. Rusbüldt
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, EURATOM AssociationTrilateral Euregio ClusterJülich
  2. 2.Princeton Plasma Physics LaboratoryPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

Personalised recommendations