The Ontogeny of the Brain Stem

  • Robert M. Beckstead


In the previous chapter, the general topographic anatomy of the human CNS was described. The brain was somewhat arbitrarily divided into five regions called, proceeding from caudal to rostral, the medulla, pons, midbrain, diencephalon, and telencephalon. As the next installment on learning the anatomical organization of the brain, let’s take a closer look at the embryonic emergence of the more prominent structures of the brain stem. In the next chapter, we will do the same for the forebrain. Familiarity with such major landmarks will facilitate orientation in the three-dimensionally complex human brain when you undertake an analysis of functional systems in later chapters.


Brain Stem Fourth Ventricle Reticular Formation Raphe Nucleus Ventricular Zone 
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Detailed Reviews

  1. Nauta WJH. 1986. Fundamental Neuroanatomy. WH Freeman & Co, New York.Google Scholar
  2. O’Rahilly R, Müller F. 1994. The Embryonic Human Brain. Wiley-Liss, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Purves D, Lichtman JW. 1985. Principles of Neural Development. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert M. Beckstead
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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