Advertisement

Plantation Landscapes

  • Sarah K. CroucherEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

“Plantation Landscapes” discusses the way in which clove plantation landscapes can be understood in relation to the spatialities of capitalism and Swahili cultural understandings of landscapes. Drawing largely on historical sources, this chapter discusses the way in which clove plantations were essentially hybrid. They were far from the capitalist regimes of plantations in the Americas and European-run plantations in the Indian Ocean, yet simultaneously they did not fully fit with the indigenous Swahili conventions of landholdings that may have existed prior to, and concurrently with, clove plantations. Drawing on European colonial documents from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, arguments in this chapter demonstrate the manner in which European landscape sensibilities were frustrated by the ways in which land was held and landscapes were understood by Omani plantation owners. This chapter serves to highlight the manner in which space may be involved within a diversity of capitalist formations.

Keywords

Cartography Landscape Plantations Historical archaeology Scopic regime Historical geography Land title Cadastral survey 

References

  1. Aiken, C. S. (2003). The cotton plantation south since the civil war. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, R. B. (1999). Slaves, freedmen, and indentured laborers in colonial Mauritius. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, R. B. (2008). Capital, illegal slaves, indentured labourers and the creation of a sugar plantation economy in Mauritius, 1810–60. The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 36(2), 151–170.Google Scholar
  4. Armstrong, D. V. (1990). The old village and the great house: An archaeological and historical examination of Drax Hall Plantation St Ann’s Bay, Jamaica. Blacks in the New World. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bissell, W. C. (2011). Urban design, chaos, and colonial power in Zanzibar. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bose, S. (2006). A hundred horizons: The Indian Ocean in the age of global empire. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Brenner, N. (1999). Beyond state-centrism? Space, territoriality, and geographical scale in globalization studies. Theory and Society, 28(1), 39–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burton, R. F. (1872a). Zanzibar; city, island, and coast One, London: Tinsley Brothers.Google Scholar
  9. Burton, R. F. (1872b). Zanzibar; city, island, and coast Volume Two. London: Tinsley Brothers.Google Scholar
  10. Clark, C., & Horton, M. (1985). Zanzibar archaeological survey 1984/5. Zanzibar: Ministry of Information, Culture, and Sport.Google Scholar
  11. Collier, P., & Inkpen, R. (2002). The RGS, exploration and empire and the contested nature of surveying. Area, 24(3), 273–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cooper, F. (1977). Plantation slavery on the east coast of Africa. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Cooper, F. (1980). From slaves to squatters: Plantation labor and agriculture in Zanzibar and coastal Kenya, 1890–1925. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Cosgrove, D. E. (1998/[1984]). Social formation and symbolic landscape (2nd (paperback) ed.). Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  15. Craster, J. E. E. (1913). Pemba, the spice island of Zanzibar. London: T. Fisher Unwin.Google Scholar
  16. Croucher, S. K. (2006). Plantations on Zanzibar: An archaeological approach to complex identities, school of arts, histories and cultures. PhD Thesis, Manchester The University of Manchester.Google Scholar
  17. Curtin, P. D. (1998). The rise and fall of the plantation complex: Essays in Atlantic history (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. de Soto, H. (2000). The mystery of capital: Why capitalism succeeds in the west and fails everywhere else. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  19. Deetz, J. (1993) Flowerdew hundred: The archaeology of a Virginia plantation. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.Google Scholar
  20. Deetz, J. (1996). In small things forgotten: An archaeology of early American life (2nd ed.). New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  21. Delle, J. A. (1998). An archaeology of social space: Analyzing coffee plantations in Jamaica’s blue mountains. New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Duncan, J. S. (2002). Embodying colonialism? Domination and resistance in nineteenth-century Ceylonese coffee plantations. Journal of Historical Geography, 3, 317–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Edney, M. H. (1997). Mapping an empire: The geographical construction of British India, 1765–1843. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Egerton, D. R. (2006). Slaves to the marketplace: Economic liberty and black rebelliousness in the Atlantic world. Journal of the Early Republic, 26(4), 617–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Epperson, T. W. (1999). Constructing difference: The social and spatial order of the Chesapeake plantation. In T. A. Singleton (Ed.), “I, too, am America”: Archaeological studies of African-American life (pp. 159–172). Charlottesville: University of Virginia.Google Scholar
  26. Glassman, J. (2010). Racial violence, universal history, and echoes of abolition in twentieth-century Zanzibar. In D. R. Peterson (Ed.), Abolitionism and imperialism in Britain, Africa, and the Atlantic (pp. 175–206). Athens: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Glassman, J. (2011). War of words, war of stones: Racial thought and violence in colonial Zanzibar. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Goody, J. (2004). Capitalism and modernity: The great debate. Malden: Polity.Google Scholar
  29. Harvey, D. (1996). Justice, nature and the geography of difference. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  30. Herbst, J. (2000). States and power in Africa: Comparative lessons in authority and control. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Hicks, D. (2007). The garden of the World: An historical archaeology of sugar landscapes in the eastern Caribbean. Oxford: BAR International Series.Google Scholar
  32. Higman, B. W. (1988). Jamaica surveyed: Plantation maps and plans of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press.Google Scholar
  33. Higman, B. W. (1998). The making of Jamiacan estate maps in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In D. Buisseret (Ed.), Rural images: Estate maps in the old and new worlds. (pp. 113–135). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  34. Higman, B. W. (2001). Jamaica surveyed: Plantation maps and plans of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (2nd ed.). Barbados: University of the West Indies Press.Google Scholar
  35. Horton, M., & Middleton, J. (2000). The Swahili: The social landscape of a mercantile society. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  36. Jay, M. (1988). Scopic regimes of modernity. In H. Foster (Ed.), Vision and visuality, (pp. 3–23). Seattle: Bay Press.Google Scholar
  37. Johnson, M. (1993). Housing culture: Traditional architecture in an English landscape. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.Google Scholar
  38. Johnson, M. (1996). An archaeology of capitalism. Cambridge: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  39. Johnson, M. (2007). Ideas of landscape. Malden: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. King, J. A. (2006). Household archaeology, identities and biographies. In D. Hicks & M. C. Beaudry (Eds.), The Cambridge companion to historical archaeology (pp. 293–313). New York: Cambridge University Press.Klose, J., & Malan, A. (2000). The ceramic signature of the cape in the nineteenth-century, with particular reference to the Tennant Street Site, Cape Town. The South African Archaeological Bulletin, 55(171), 49–59.Google Scholar
  41. Kobayashi, A., & Peake, L. (1994). Unnatural discourse. ‘Race’ and gender in geography. Gender, Place & Culture, 1(2), 225–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Leone, M. P. (2003/[1988]). The Georgian order as the order of merchant capitalism in Annapolis, Maryland. In M. P. Leone & P. B. J. Potter (Eds.), The recovery of meaning: Historical archaeology in the Eastern United States (2nd ed.). New York: Percheron Press.Google Scholar
  43. Lowe, L. (1990). Readings in orientalism: Oriental inventions and inventions of the orient in Montesquieu’s “Lettres persanes”. Cultural Critique, 15, 115–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. McCann, E. (1999). Race, protest, and public space: Contextualizing Lefebvre in the U.S. City. Antipode, 31(2), 163–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Middleton, J. (1961). Land tenure in Zanzibar. London: H. M. Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  46. Middleton, J. (1992). The world of the Swahili: An African mercantile civilization. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  47. Middleton, J., & Campbell, J. (1965). Zanzibar: Its society and its politics. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Mintz, S. W. (1985). Sweetness and power: The place of sugar in modern history. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  49. Murray, M. J. (1992). ‘White Gold’ or ‘White Blood’? The rubber plantations of colonial Indochina, 1910–40. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 19(3–4), 41–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Ordnance Survey, Great Britain. (1913). Pemba Island, 1:63360.Google Scholar
  51. Ordnance Survey, Great Britain and Zanzibar Survey Department. (1933–1937). Zanzibar Island. Zanzibar, Survey Department, Public Works Department, Zanzibar.Google Scholar
  52. Pratt, M. L. (1992). Imperial eyes: Travel writing and transculturation. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  53. Prestholdt, J. (2008). Domesticating the world: African consumerism and the genealogies of globalization. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  54. Pulsipher, L. M. (1987). Assessing the usefulness of a cartographic curiosity: The 1673 map of a sugar island. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 77(3), 408–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rigby, Lieutenant Colonel C. P. (1861). Report on the Zanzibar Dominions. Selections from the records of the Bombay Government. No LIX—New Series. Bombay: Printed at the Education Society’s Press.Google Scholar
  56. Rodman, M. C. (1992). Empowering place: Multilocality and multivocality. American Anthropologist, 94(3), 640–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Scott, D. (2004). Modernity that predated the modern: Sidney Mintz’s Caribbean. History Workshop Journal, 58(1), 191–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Sheriff, A. (1987). Slaves, spices and ivory in Zanzibar. Athens: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Sidaway, J. D. (2002). Sovereign excesses? Portraying postcolonial sovereigntyscapes. Political Geography, 22(2), 157–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Soja, E. W. (1996). Thirdspace: Journeys to Los Angeles and other real-and-imagined places. Cambridge: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  61. Sparke, M. (2005). In the space of theory: Postfoundational geographies of the nation-state. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  62. Stoler, A. L. (1995). Capitalism and confrontation in Sumatra’s plantation belt, 1870–1979 (2nd ed.). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  63. Thornton, J. (1998/[1992]). Africa and Africans in the making of the Atlantic world, 1400–1800 (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  64. Trouillot, M.-R. (2002). North Atlantic universals: Analytical fictions, 1492–1945. The South Atlantic Quarterly, 101(4), 839–858.Google Scholar
  65. Upton, D. (1984). White and black landscapes in eighteenth century Virginia. Places, 2(2), 59–72.Google Scholar
  66. Vlach, J. M. (1993). Back of the big house: The architecture of plantation slavery. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  67. Weik, T. M. (2012). The archaeology of antislavery resistance. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.Google Scholar
  68. West, S. (1999). Social space and the English country house. In S. Tarlow & S. West (Eds.), The familar past?: Archaeologies of later historical Britain (pp. 103–122). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  69. Williams, R. (1985). Keywords: A vocabulary of culture and society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  70. Williams, E. (1994/[1944]). Capitalism and slavery. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  71. Wolf, E. R. (1982). Europe and the people without history. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  72. Wolf, E. R., & Mintz, S. W. (1957). Haciendas and plantations in Middle America and the Antilles. Social and Economic Studies, 6(3), 380–412.Google Scholar
  73. Wynne-Jones, S., & Walsh, M. (2010). Heritage, tourism, and slavery at Shimoni: Narrative and metanarrative on the east African coast. History in Africa, 37, 247–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Yeğenoğlu, M. (1998). Colonial fantasies: Towards a feminist reading of orientalism. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyWesleyan UniversityMiddletownUSA

Personalised recommendations