Advertisement

The Virtual Environment in Communication of Age-Friendly Design

  • Eunju Hwang
  • Andrew Park
  • Andrew Sixsmith
  • Gloria Gutman
Chapter
Part of the International Perspectives on Aging book series (Int. Perspect. Aging, volume 9)

Abstract

There is a mismatch between the design of many communities and the needs of older persons. Many communities are designed for people who are at work during the day and at home during the night. Their main travel method is by car. Typically the connectivity and walkability between housing and services, such as doctor’s offices and grocery stores, have not been a priority. However, with the increasing number of older persons aging-in-place, many communities are in the process of major transformation of their environments to be more supportive and age friendly. To date, over 100 local communities across Canada are engaged in Age-Friendly Communities (AFC) activities and five provinces have identified AFC as a priority (PHAC, 2010).

Keywords

Virtual Environment Traffic Volume Focus Group Interview Homeless People Environmental Audit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Anderson, M. A. (2007). Location quotients, ambient populations and the spatial analysis of crime in Vancouver, Canada. Environment and Planning, 39, 2423–2444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. British Columbia Ministry of Health Services (BCMHS). (2010). Age-friendly British Columbia. Vancouver, Canada: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (CFLRI). (2004). A municipal perspective on opportunities for physical activity. Retrieved May 20, 2009 from http://www.cflri.ca/eng/statistics/surveys/documents/2004capacity.pdf
  4. City of Vancouver. (2009). Chinatown historic district. Retrieved July 15, 2011 from http://vancouver.ca/commsvcs/planning/chinatown/pdfs/ChinatownNHS_Nomination.pdf
  5. City of Vancouver. (2010). Seniors in Vancouver. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from http://vancouver.ca/commsvcs/socialplanning/initiatives/seniors/pdf/Seniors_Backgrounder.pdf
  6. Daniel, T. C. (1992). Data visualization for decision support in environmental management. Landscape and Urban Planning, 21, 261–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Decker, J. (1994). The validation of computer-simulations for design guideline dispute resolution. Environment and Behavior, 26, 421–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Frank, L. D., Engelke, P. O., & Schmidt, T. L. (2003). Health and community design: The impact of the built environment on physical activity. Washington, DC: Island.Google Scholar
  9. Frank, L. D., Schmid, T. L., Sallis, J. F., Chapman, J., & Saelens, B. E. (2005). Linking objectively measured physical activity with objectively measured urban form. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28, 117–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gibson, J. J. (1986). The ecological approach to visual perception. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  11. Heinrich, K. M., Lee, R. E., Regan, G. R., et al. (2008). How does the built environment relate to BMI and obesity prevalence among public housing residents? American Journal of Health Promotion, 22, 187–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. King, D. (2008). Neighborhood and individual factors in activity in older adults: Results from the neighborhood and senior health study. Journal of Aging ad Physical Activity, 16(2), 144–170.Google Scholar
  13. King, W. C., Belle, S. H., Brach, J. S., Simkin-Silverman, L. R., Soska, T., & Kriska, A. M. (2005). Objective measures of neighborhood environment and physical activity in older women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28(5), 461–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lawton, M. P. (1986). Environment and aging. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  15. Lee, R. E., Cubbin, C., & Winkleby, M. (2007). Contributions of neighborhood SES and physical activity resources to physical activity in women. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 882–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Levy, R. M. (1995). Visualisation of urban alternatives. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 22, 343–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Michael, Y. L., McGregor, E. M., Chaudhury, H., Day, K., Mahmood, A., & Sarte, A. (2009). Revising the senior walking environmental assessment tool. Preventive Medicine, 48, 247–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mota, J., Lacerda, A., Santos, M. P., Ribeiro, J. C., & Carvalho, J. (2007). Perceived neighborhood environments and physical activity in an elderly sample. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 104, 438–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Parks, S. E., Housemann, R. A., & Brownson, R. C. (2003). Differential correlates of physical activity in urban and rural adults of various socio-economic backgrounds in the United States. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57, 29–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) & Agence de la sante publique du Canada (ASPC). (2010). Healthy living eBulletin-theme: Age-friendly communities. Retrieved June 10, 2010 from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hl-vs-strat/e-bulletin-eng.php
  21. Rizzo, A. (2001, March 13). Advances in the application of virtual environments for mental healthcare. In IEEE, Yokohama, Japan.Google Scholar
  22. Walford, N., Samarasundera, E., Phillips, J., Hockey, A., & Foreman, N. (2011). Older people’s navigation of urban areas as pedestrians: Measuring quality of the built environment using oral narratives and virtual routes. Landscape and Urban Planning, 100, 163–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Walks, A., & Maaranen, R. (2008). Neighbourhood gentrification and upgrading in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver. Retrived April 29, 2012 from http://www.urbancentre.utoronto.ca/pdfs/researchbulletins/CUCS_RB_43-Walks-Gentrification2008.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eunju Hwang
    • 1
  • Andrew Park
    • 2
  • Andrew Sixsmith
    • 3
  • Gloria Gutman
    • 3
  1. 1.Apparel, Housing, and Resource ManagementVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Computing ScienceThompson Rivers UniversityKamloopsCanada
  3. 3.Gerontology Research CentreSimon Fraser University, Harbour CentreVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations