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Settlement Size and Structural Complexity: A Case Study in Geophysical Survey at Phillip’s Garden, Port au Choix

  • Edward J. H. Eastaugh
  • Jeremy Taylor
Chapter
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)

Abstract

Phillip’s Garden (EeBi-1) is the largest, most complex and most extensively investigated Dorset Palaeoeskimo site in Newfoundland (Renouf, Chap. 7). Despite this, the precise number of dwellings at the site is unknown. To date, estimates have been based on visible house depressions that cover the upper two terraces at the site (Harp 1976) and to a lesser extent through test pitting (Renouf 1985). However, as extensive midden deposits are known to have buried many dwellings at the site (Renouf and Murray 1999:119) and the number of these buried depressions has never been systematically assessed, calculations of total number of dwellings at the site have tended to be best-guess estimates. The magnetometer survey conducted at Phillip’s Garden in 2001 provides the first systematic approach towards a meaningful calculation.

Keywords

Midden Material Central Depression Harp Seal Topographic Survey Meaningful Calculation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the following agencies for their financial support: Parks Canada, the Institute of Social and Economic Research, the J.R. Smallwood Foundation for Newfoundland and Labrador studies, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Culture and Heritage Division, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (grant awarded to Renouf). The Newfoundland Archaeological Heritage Outreach Program provided a graduate fellowship for Eastaugh. We would also like to thank the School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, England who provided the magnetometer and resistivity meter. We are also indebted to Priscilla Renouf for allowing us to use facilities and equipment belonging to the Port au Choix Archaeology Project throughout the field season and for providing maps and photographs from the Port au Choix project archive. Thanks to Charles Conway, Memorial University Geography Department, who drafted Figs. 9.1 and 9.4. The authors are also grateful to John Erwin, Priscilla Renouf and two anonymous reviewers for their comments on an earlier draft of this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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