The Physical Manifold

  • M.D. Maia


The basic concept of a physical space was formulated by Kant in his Critique of Pure reason 1781, where he used the word mannigfaltigkeit to describe the set of all space and time perceptions [42]. Except for the lack of specification of a geometry and of the measurement conditions, Kant’s concept of physical space is very close to our present notion of space–time.


Vector Bundle Tangent Space Covariant Derivative Tangent Vector Tangent Bundle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade de Brasilia, Institute of PhysicsBrasilia D.F.Brazil

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