Dynamic Triaxial Test on Sand

  • Md. E. KabirEmail author
  • Weinong W. Chen
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)


Triaxial experiments are a common method for measuring shear strength. Usually the loading in the shear phase in these experiments are done at a quasi-static rate but in many real instances the loading is dynamic in nature. Therefore, a triaxial setup has been developed based on a Kolsky bar experimental technique to characterize the shear response of the material at high rates. Using this setup, a systematic investigation of the undrained behavior of sand at high pressures has been performed to study the rate effects on the stress-strain behavior. The dynamic experiment results show that the stress-strain response of the sand specimens is only sensitive to pressure levels while it is insensitive to loading rates.


  1. 1.
    Bragov, A.M., Grushevsky, G.M., Lomunov, A.K., Use of the Kolsky Method for Confined Tests of Soft Soils. Exp. Mech. 36(3), 237-242, 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Charlie, W. A., Ross, C.A., Pierce, S.J., Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar Testing of Unsaturated Sand. Geotechnical Testing Journal GTJODJ 13(4), 291-300, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Christensen, R. J., Swanson, S. R., and Brown, W., S. Split-Hopkinson-Bar Tests on Rock under Confining Pressure, Exper. Mech., 29, 508-513,1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lindholm, U. S., Yeakley, L. M., and Nagy, A., The Dynamic Strength and Fracture Properties of Dresser Basalt, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. & Geomech. Abst r., 11, 181-191, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Frew, D. J., Akers, S. A., Chen, W.W., and Green, M.L., Development of a Dynamic Tri-axial Kolsky Bar, Submitted to Experimental Mechanics, 2009.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kabir, M. E. and Chen, W. W., Measurement of Stresses and Strains on the High Strain Rate Triaxial Test, Review of Scientific Instruments 80 (12), doi: 10.1063/1.3271538, 2009.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schools of Aeronautics and AstronauticsPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.Schools of Aeronautics/Astronautics, and Materials EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Personalised recommendations