Trials and Traces: A. C. Haddon’s Agency as Museum Curator

Chapter
Part of the One World Archaeology book series (WORLDARCH)

Abstract

Alfred Cort Haddon (1855–1940) is most well known for organising The Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to the Torres Strait and New Guinea (1898–1899). What is less commonly known is that Haddon also spent 13 years acting as an advisory curator at the Horniman Museum in London (1902–1915). There, he exerted considerable influence on the running of the Museum, from its day-to-day management to its acquisition policies. This chapter explores Haddon’s personality as museum curator, paying particular attention to the way in which his relationship with source communities, professional colleagues, auction houses, dealers and missionaries influenced which artefacts he acquired for the Museum and which he rejected. The study provides fresh insights into the professional life of a man who played a central role in the establishment of institutional anthropology in Britain.

References

  1. Abbott, Wilfred H. 1902a Letter to A. C. Haddon explaining his specimens. Horniman Historical Archive (O- Oceania).Google Scholar
  2. Abbott, Wilfred H. 1902b Letter to A. C. Haddon defending his specimens. Horniman Historical Archive (O- Oceania).Google Scholar
  3. Ames, Michael 1986 Museums, The Public and Anthropology: A Study in the Anthropology of Anthropology. University of British Columbia, Vancouver.Google Scholar
  4. Anon. 1949 Obituary of W. Oldman. Horniman Historical Archive (O- Oceania).Google Scholar
  5. Benjamin, Walter 1969 Unpacking My Library. In Illuminations, translated by Harry Zohn.Originally published 1931. Schocken Books, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  6. Blackwood, Beatrice 1935 Both Sides of Buka Passage. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  7. Braunholtz, H. J. 1943 Address. In Professor Bronislaw Malinowski: An Account of the Memorial Meeting held at the Royal Institution in London on July 13th 1942. Oxford University Press, London.Google Scholar
  8. Coombes, Annie E. 1994 Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and the Popular Imagination. Yale University Press, London.Google Scholar
  9. Edge-Partington, James 1901 Note on Forged Ethnographical Specimens from the Pacific Islands. Man 1: 68–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Edge-Partington, James 1905 Note on a Forged Ethnographical Specimen from the New Hebrides. Man 5: 71–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gardner, Helen 2001 Gathering for God: George Brown and the Christian Economy in the Collection of Artefacts. In Hunting the Gatherers: Ethnographic Collectors, Agents and Agency in Melanesia, 1870s–1930s, edited by Michael O’Hanlon and Robert L. Welsch, pp. 35–54. Berghahn Books, Oxford and New York.Google Scholar
  12. Gomme, George L. 1901 Report 7th December 1901. London County Council Historical Records and Buildings Committee (March–December 1901), London Metropolitan Archives (LCC records).Google Scholar
  13. Gomme, George L. 1902 Report 17th January 1902. London County Council Historical Records and Buildings Committee (March–December 1901), London Metropolitan Archives (LCC records).Google Scholar
  14. Gomme, George L. 1903 Report to the Horniman Museum Sub-Committee (18th December). Committee Minutes, London Metropolitan Archives (LCC records).Google Scholar
  15. Gomme, George L. 1904 Second Annual Report of the Horniman Museum and Library 1903. London Metropolitan Archives, (LCC records).Google Scholar
  16. Gomme, George L. 1905 Third Annual Report of the Horniman Museum and Library 1904. London Metropolitan Archives, (LCC records).Google Scholar
  17. Gomme, George L. 1906 Fourth Annual Report of the Horniman Museum and Library 1905. London Metropolitan Archives, (LCC records).Google Scholar
  18. Gomme, George L. 1914 Eleventh Annual Report of the Horniman Museum and Library 1913. London Metropolitan Archives, (LCC records).Google Scholar
  19. Gruber, Jacob W. 1970 Ethnographic Salvage and the Shaping of Anthropology. American Anthropologist 72(6): 1289–1299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1888–1889 Journal of Haddon’s First Expedition to the Torres Strait and New Guinea. Cambridge University Library, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  21. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1894 The Decorative Art of British New Guinea: A Study in Papuan Ethnography. Academy House, Dublin.Google Scholar
  22. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1895 Evolution in Art. W. Scott, London.Google Scholar
  23. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1897 The Saving of Vanishing Knowledge. Nature 55(1422): 305–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1898 Journal of Haddon’s Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Strait. Cambridge University Library, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  25. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1901 Head-Hunters, Black, White and Brown. Methuen, London.Google Scholar
  26. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1902 18th July Letter to W.H. Abbott highlighting his suspicions about his specimens. Horniman Historical Documents, (Oceania–A).Google Scholar
  27. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1904 Report on Some of the Educational Advantages and Deficiencies of London Museums. Presented to the Museums Association. London Metropolitan Archives, London.Google Scholar
  28. Haddon, Alfred Cort 1946 Smoking and Tobacco Pipes in New Guinea. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  29. Haddon, Alfred Cort, Herbert S. Harrison, and George L. Gomme (editors) 1912 Guide for the Use of Visitors to the Horniman Museum and Library (2nd edition). London County Council, London.Google Scholar
  30. Haddon, Alfred Cort, and James Hornell 1936–1938 Canoes of Oceania. Bishops Museum Special Publications 27–29. Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.Google Scholar
  31. Herle, Anita 1998 The Life-Histories of Objects: Collections of the Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to the Torres Strait. In Cambridge and the Torres Strait, Centenary Essays on the 1898 Anthropological Expedition, edited by Anita Herle and Sandra Rouse, pp. 77–106. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  32. Herle, Anita, and Sandra Rouse (editors) 1998 Cambridge and the Torres Strait. Centenary Essays on the 1898 Anthropological Expedition, pp. 1–23. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  33. Latour, Bruno 1997 On Actor-Network Theory: A Few Clarifications. Centre for Social Theory and Technology, Keele University, Staffordshire.Google Scholar
  34. Latour, Bruno 2005 Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  35. Levell, Nicky 2001 Illustrating Evolution: Alfred Cort Haddon and the Horniman Museum, 1901–1915. In Collectors, Individuals and Institutions, edited by Anthony Shelton, pp. 253–279. Horniman Press, London.Google Scholar
  36. Moore, David R. 1982 The Torres Strait Collection of A. C. Haddon: A Descriptive Catalogue. British Museum Publication, London.Google Scholar
  37. Pearce, Susan M. 1995 On Collecting: An Investigation into Collecting in the European Tradition. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  38. Peers, Laura, and Alison Brown 2003 Museums and Source Communities: A Routledge Reader. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  39. Philp, Jude 2003 Email in regards to forgeries, 15th August 2003.Google Scholar
  40. Quiggin, Alison H. 1942 Haddon the Head Hunter – A Short Sketch of the Life of A. C Haddon. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  41. Shelton, Anthony 2000 Museum Ethnography. In Cultural Encounters-Representing “Otherness”, edited by Elizabeth Hallam and Brian Street, pp. 153–193. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  42. Shelton, Anthony (editor) 2001 Introduction: The Return of the Subject. In Collectors, Expression of Self and Other, edited by Anthony Shelton, pp. 11–22. Horniman Press, London.Google Scholar
  43. Stocking, George W. 1983 The Ethnographer’s Magic, Fieldwork in British Anthropology from Tylor to Malinowski. In Observers Observed: Essays on Ethnographic Fieldwork, edited by George W. Stocking, pp. 70–120. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI.Google Scholar
  44. Strathern, Marilyn 1999 Property Substance and Effect – Anthropological Essays on People and Things. Athlone Press, London.Google Scholar
  45. Simmons, Ethel 1906 Letter to A.C. Haddon at the Horniman Museum, dated February 19. Horniman Historical Archive (O- Oceania).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Museums, Heritage and Material Culture Studies, Institute of ArchaeologyUniversity College, LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations