Advertisement

High Precision Differential Photometry with CCDs: A Brief History

  • Steve B. Howell
Chapter
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 373)

Abstract

I present a brief history of the hunt for high photometric precision using CCDs in astronomy. CCDs were invented in 1969 and only 7 years later they started to appear at the major observatories of the time. The next 10 years constituted a steep learning curve for astronomers as they developed an understanding of CCDs as instruments and analysis techniques for use with digital images. In 1985, differential photometry with CCDs began producing light curves with precisions near 0.01 magnitude. By 2008, ground-based telescopes armed with CCDs and using differential techniques consistently can provide photometric precisions of 1 millimagnitude or better. The challenge now is to continue to improve the photometry using new types of CCD detectors and other advanced digital imagers.

Keywords

Point Spread Function Photographic Plate Comparison Star Aperture Photometry Local Ensemble 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abramenko, A. N., Agapov, E. S., Anisimov, V. E., et al. (1984). Television astronomy (2nd revised and enlarged edition), (Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Nauka)Google Scholar
  2. Autio, G., W., & Bafico, M. A. (1975). Infrared Physics, 15(4), 249Google Scholar
  3. Boyle, W., & Smith, G. (1970). Bell Systems Technical Journal, 48, 587Google Scholar
  4. Crane, P., Nelson, J. E., & Tyson, J. A. (1979). Nature, 280, 367CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Everett, M. E., & Howell, S. B. (2001). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 113, 1428CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Fort, B., Picat, J. P., Cailloux, M., et al. (1984). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 135, 356ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Gilliland, R. L., & Brown, T. M. (1988). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 100, 754CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Honeycutt, K. (1992). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 104, 435CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Howell, S. B., Jacoby, G. H., & Szkody, P. (1985). Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 17, 899ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Howell, S. B., & Jacoby. G. H. (1986). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 98, 802Google Scholar
  11. Howell, S. B., Warnock, A., Mitchell, K. J. (1988). Astronomical Journal, 95, 247CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Howell, S. B., Everett, M. E., Tonry, J., et al. (2003). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 115, 1340CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Howell, S. B., VanOutryve, C., Tonry, J., et al. (2005). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 117, 1187CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Howell, S. B. (2006). Handbook of CCD Astronomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  15. Janesick, J., Hynecek, J., & Blouke, M. (1981). Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. SPIE, 290, 165ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Janesick, J. (2001). Scientific Charge-Coupled Devices. Bellingham, WA: SPIE pressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Johnson, J. A., Winn, J. N., Cabrera, N. E., & Carter, J. A. (2008). Astrophysical Journal, 692, L100CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Leach, R. W., Schild, R. E., Gursky, H., et al. (1980). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 92, 233CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. McClintock, J. E., Petro, L. D., Remillard, R. A., & Ricker, G. R. (1983). Astrophysical Journal, 266, L27CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. McGuire, T. E. (1983). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 95, 919CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Mukadam, A. S., Gansicke, B. T., Szkody, P., et al. (2007). Astrophysical Journal, 667, 433CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Samuelsson, H. (1975). Revue scientifique et technique A.S.E., 1, 219Google Scholar
  23. Tody, D. (1980). Stellar Magnitudes from Digital Pictures. Kitt Peak: National Observatory PublicationGoogle Scholar
  24. Walker, A. (1984). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 209, 83ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Young, A., & Furenlid, I. (1980). Space Science Rieview, 27, 329ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NOAOTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations