Quality of Experiencing Multi-Modal Interaction
In this chapter, we discuss the contributions of different modalities to the overall quality of multi-modal interaction. After reviewing some common systematics and findings concerning multi-modality, we present experimental results from several multi-modal scenarios, involving different (human-to-human and human-to-machine) interaction paradigms, different degrees of interactivity, and different (speech, audio, video, touch, gesture) modalities.The results show that the impact of each modality on overall quality in interaction depends heavily onthe scenario and degree of interactivity. Complementary modalities are not considered in this paper, but the models presented allow predicting overall system quality on the basis of individual modality ratings with an appropriate accuracy. These models still have to be validated in order to be used as tools for system developers estimating whether adding modalities will have an impact on the quality experienced by the user.
KeywordsUsability User experience Perceived quality Multi-modal integration
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