Training to Proficiency

  • Daniel J. Scott
  • Daniel J. Scott
  • Michael J. Lee


“See one, do one, teach one,” the paradigm ingrained in surgical minds for the past century since the days of Halsted, has helped to mature generations of well-trained surgeons. Many contemporary issues such as advances in technology, restrictions in training work hours, expensive operating room costs, safety, and ethical concerns challenge this ideology.


Virtual Reality Simulator Skill Transfer Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Faculty Surgeon Proficiency Criterion 
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Selected Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. Scott
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Scott
    • 2
  • Michael J. Lee
    • 3
  1. 1.Frank H. Kidd, Jr. MD Distinguished Professorship in Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  2. 2.Southwestern Center for Minimally Invasive SurgeryUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA

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