Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy: Complications and Management
Over the past 10 years, minimally invasive esophagectomy has become an accepted approach to the management of esophageal and gastroesophageal benign and malignant neoplasms. There are many interpretations of the minimally invasive esophagectomy. Currently, the most frequently performed surgeries include combined thoracoscopic esophageal mobilization and laparoscopic gastric mobilization with creation of a cervical esophagogastrostomy anastomosis (“3-hole” esophagectomy); laparoscopic Ivor-Lewis technique, utilizing a laparoscopic mobilization of the stomach followed by a thoracoscopic intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy anastomosis; laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy, utilizing a laparoscopic mobilization of the stomach and a trans-abdominal laparoscopic mediastinal esophageal dissection, combined with a cervical esophageal blunt dissection and creation of an esophagogastrostomy anastomosis in the neck.
KeywordsToxicity Catheter Dioxide Ischemia Pneumonia
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