Common Endoscopic Complications: Recognition and Management
Diagnostic and therapeutic upper and lower endoscopy, including endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), represents relatively non-invasive modalities as a diagnostic tool and to deliver therapy. Some complications are the result of endoscopy irrespective of the procedure while many complications are unique to upper endoscopy, lower endoscopy, and ERCP. As a general rule, complication rates increase with endoscopic therapeutic interventions. We describe general complications of endoscopy and outline those complications and management unique to each specific modality.
KeywordsBile Duct Endoscopic Mucosal Resection Conscious Sedation Esophageal Perforation Endoscopic Sphincterotomy
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