Preoperative Cardiac Considerations in General Surgical Patients
The elderly (age over 65) are the largest growing population in the United States and the patients in whom the majority of surgical procedures are performed. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of mortality in the elderly and can alter surgical outcomes. Assessing preoperative cardiac risk is essential to ensure optimal outcomes in patients undergoing noncardiac surgical procedures.
KeywordsClinical Risk Factor Noncardiac Surgery Preoperative Anemia Unstable Coronary Syndrome Occult Coronary Artery Disease
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