Key institutions

  • Wesley T. HuntressJr.
  • Mikhail Ya. Marov
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS, volume 1)


In the Soviet Union there were three separate organizations that ran the country – the Communist Party, the government and the military. The Party was in overall charge through its Central Committee and the executive Politburo. The Party business was managed by a Secretariat that included a Secretary of Defense Industry and Space, and a Department of Sciences. The Soviet Academy of Sciences, while claiming to be independent, was implicitly part of the Department of Sciences and hence a Party organization. It ran the Inter-Department Scientific and Technical Council on Space Exploration (MNTS KI; Mezhduvedomstvennyi N auchnoTekhnicheskii Soviet po Kosmicheskim Issledovaniyam) which was nominally responsible for specifying the national policy and strategy for the space program.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wesley T. HuntressJr.
    • 1
  • Mikhail Ya. Marov
    • 2
  1. 1.Geophysical LaboratoryCarnegie Institution of WashingtonWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations