Key institutions

  • Wesley T. HuntressJr.
  • Mikhail Ya. Marov
Chapter
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS, volume 1)

Abstract

In the Soviet Union there were three separate organizations that ran the country – the Communist Party, the government and the military. The Party was in overall charge through its Central Committee and the executive Politburo. The Party business was managed by a Secretariat that included a Secretary of Defense Industry and Space, and a Department of Sciences. The Soviet Academy of Sciences, while claiming to be independent, was implicitly part of the Department of Sciences and hence a Party organization. It ran the Inter-Department Scientific and Technical Council on Space Exploration (MNTS KI; Mezhduvedomstvennyi N auchnoTekhnicheskii Soviet po Kosmicheskim Issledovaniyam) which was nominally responsible for specifying the national policy and strategy for the space program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wesley T. HuntressJr.
    • 1
  • Mikhail Ya. Marov
    • 2
  1. 1.Geophysical LaboratoryCarnegie Institution of WashingtonWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation

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