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Emergent Personality Disorders Among Adolescents with Anxiety Disorders

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Handbook of Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders

Abstract

Since the introduction of well-defined diagnostic criteria in the Third Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III; APA, 1980), there has been a steady increase in the amount of research devoted to the study of personality disorder (PD), focusing initially and predominantly on adult populations. As currently defined, “A PD is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment (APA, 2000; p. 685).” Research activity in the field of adolescent PD has also increased substantially in recent years, although there have been concerns about diagnosing PD among adolescents (Silk, 2008). Epidemiological research has suggested that although there are noteworthy differences in the phenomenology, assessment, and treatment of PD symptoms among adolescents and adults, the prevalence, comorbidity, and sequelae of PD may tend to be broadly similar in comparable adolescent and adult populations.

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Johnson, J.G. et al. (2011). Emergent Personality Disorders Among Adolescents with Anxiety Disorders. In: McKay, D., Storch, E. (eds) Handbook of Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7784-7_13

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