Total Diet Study in Cameroon—A Sub-Saharan African Perspective

  • M. Madeleine Gimou
  • Regis Pouillot
  • Claudy Roy
  • U. Ruth Charrondiere
  • Jean-Charles Leblanc
  • Abdoulaye Diawara
  • Drissa Siri
  • Orish E. Orisakwe
Chapter

Abstract

Dietary exposure to pesticide residues was assessed using the total diet study (TDS) method. Sixty-three pooled samples representative of the total diet in Yaoundé, Cameroon, were analysed. Limits of detection of the methods were 0.0008–0.005 and 0.05 mg/kg. The overall contamination was low with 9 out of 63 composite samples below the LOD for 37 out of 46 pesticides. The estimated upper bound of the mean dietary exposures ranged from 0.24 % to 3.03 % of the acceptable daily intakes. This study suggests a low dietary exposure to pesticide residues in Yaoundé. This was a first step for a regional TDS in sub-Saharan Africa.

Keywords

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Selenium Malaria PCBs Fishing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The Cameroonian TDS was made possible by a grant from the FAO and the ‘Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments’ (AFSSA). The authors would like to acknowledge the scientific contribution of the WHO TDS group, as well as Jocelyne Rocourt, Dominique Baudon, the staff from the CAUPA (Coalition pour la promotion de l’Agriculture Urbaine et Périurbaine en Afrique) and all those whose scientific contribution allowed the realization of this project. The FAO (Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division) in 2009 also financed, with the collaboration of the AFSSA, the conduct of the Yaoundé TDS to assess the dietary exposure to 20 heavy metals and minerals.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Madeleine Gimou
    • 1
  • Regis Pouillot
    • 1
  • Claudy Roy
    • 2
  • U. Ruth Charrondiere
    • 3
  • Jean-Charles Leblanc
    • 4
  • Abdoulaye Diawara
    • 5
  • Drissa Siri
    • 6
  • Orish E. Orisakwe
    • 7
  1. 1.Centre Pasteur of CameroonYaoundéCameroon
  2. 2.National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)ParisFrance
  3. 3.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsRomeItaly
  4. 4.French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health SafetyMaisons-AlfortFrance
  5. 5.Ministry of Animal HusbandryDakarSenegal
  6. 6.Ministry of Animal ResourcesOuagadougouBurkina Faso
  7. 7.University of Port HarcourtPort HarcourtNigeria

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