Composite Sampling and Bioaccumulation

  • Ganapati P. Patil
  • Sharad D. Gore
  • Charles Taillie*
Chapter
Part of the Environmental and Ecological Statistics book series (ENES, volume 4)

Abstract

The human body, or any living organism for that matter, when exposed to a polluted environment, accumulates contaminants in its tissue. It is, therefore, very useful to sample tissue from a sample of such organisms under investigation, in order to evaluate the amount of accumulation, called bioaccumulation, since biological processes cause the accumulation of a particular contaminant in the organism. It is a common observation that the tissue from a single member is not sufficient for making measurement. It is therefore necessary for technological reasons to composite the tissue samples extracted from several organisms so that a measurement is possible.

Keywords

Bioaccumulation 

Bibliography

  1. Rohde, C. A. (1976). Composite sampling. Biometrics 32:273–282.MATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  2. Rohde, C. A. (1979a). Batch, bulk and composite sampling. In Sampling Biological Populations, R. M. Cormack, G. P. Patil, and D. S. Robson, eds. International Co-operative Publishing House, Fairland, MD. pp. 365–377.Google Scholar
  3. Schaeffer, D. J. and Janardan, K. G. (1978). Theoretical comparisons of grab and composite sampling programs. Biometrics 20:215–227.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ganapati P. Patil
    • 1
  • Sharad D. Gore
    • 2
  • Charles Taillie*
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Statistical Ecology and Environmental StatisticsPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of StatisticsUniversity of PunePuneIndia
  3. 3.Center for Statistical Ecology and Environmental StatisticsPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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