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Composite Sampling and Bioaccumulation

  • Ganapati P. Patil
  • Sharad D. Gore
  • Charles Taillie*
Chapter
Part of the Environmental and Ecological Statistics book series (ENES, volume 4)

Abstract

The human body, or any living organism for that matter, when exposed to a polluted environment, accumulates contaminants in its tissue. It is, therefore, very useful to sample tissue from a sample of such organisms under investigation, in order to evaluate the amount of accumulation, called bioaccumulation, since biological processes cause the accumulation of a particular contaminant in the organism. It is a common observation that the tissue from a single member is not sufficient for making measurement. It is therefore necessary for technological reasons to composite the tissue samples extracted from several organisms so that a measurement is possible.

Keywords

Adipose Tissue Composite Sample Individual Sample Sampling Plan Metropolitan Statistical Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

  1. Rohde, C. A. (1976). Composite sampling. Biometrics 32:273–282.MATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  2. Rohde, C. A. (1979a). Batch, bulk and composite sampling. In Sampling Biological Populations, R. M. Cormack, G. P. Patil, and D. S. Robson, eds. International Co-operative Publishing House, Fairland, MD. pp. 365–377.Google Scholar
  3. Schaeffer, D. J. and Janardan, K. G. (1978). Theoretical comparisons of grab and composite sampling programs. Biometrics 20:215–227.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ganapati P. Patil
    • 1
  • Sharad D. Gore
    • 2
  • Charles Taillie*
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Statistical Ecology and Environmental StatisticsPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of StatisticsUniversity of PunePuneIndia
  3. 3.Center for Statistical Ecology and Environmental StatisticsPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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