Attenuation of Chromium Toxicity by Bioremediation Technology

  • Monalisa Mohanty
  • Hemanta Kumar Patra
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 210)


Human activities, such as industrial and energy production, mineral excavation, and transportation, result in contamination by polluting substances, many of which are dangerous. Chromium (Cr) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and is discharged into the environment through various human activities. Extensive use of chromium in electroplating, tanning, and textile dyeing and as a biocide in power plant cooling water results in the discharge of chromium-containing effluents. The pace of release of organic pollutants, and Cr in particular, into the environment is growing exponentially and is enhancing concerns that such releases pose potentially serious risks to human health. Heavy metals, such as chromium, are not destroyed by degradation and are therefore accumulating in the environment.


Heavy Metal Water Hyacinth Hyperaccumulator Plant Thlaspi Caerulescens Hydroxy Phenylacetic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to University Grants Commission, New Delhi, for financial support under the schemes of UGC-DRS -SAP-II and RFSMS-UGC-DRS.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Environmental Physiology, Post Graduate Department of BotanyUtkal UniversityBhubaneswarIndia

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