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Spontaneous Emission Control in a Plasmonic Structure

  • Hideo Iwase
  • Yiyang Gong
  • Dirk Englund
  • Jelena Vučković
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Nanoscale Science and Technology book series (LNNST, volume 9)

Abstract

Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are electromagnetic waves at optical frequencies that propagate at the surface of a conductor [1]. SPPs can trap optical photons far below their diffraction limit. The field confinement of SPP provides the environment for controlling the interaction between light and matter. In this chapter, we discuss the quantum electrodynamics (QED) of SPP coupling of excitons near a metal-layer surface, and an exciton embedded in a metal microcavity. We analyze the enhanced spontaneous emission (SE) rate of the exciton coupled to a large number of SPP modes near a uniform or periodically patterned metal layer traveling with extremely slow group velocities. Combining the effects of quality factor (Q) and ohmic losses for each SPP mode, we explain how various loss mechanisms affect the SE rate of excitons in such structures. Similarly, we consider the Q-factor and mode volume of a cavity mode formed by a defect in a grating structure and again investigate the enhancement of SE for excitons lying in a metal cavity. Because defect cavity designs confine modes in all three dimensions, we observe that such a structure of extremely small mode volume could reach various regimes of cavity quantum electro-dynamics (cavity QED). Controlling the SE properties of emitters through the exciton–SPP coupling is great promise for new types of opto-electronic devices overcoming the diffraction limit.

Keywords

Purcell effect Plasmonics QED 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideo Iwase
    • 1
  • Yiyang Gong
    • 2
  • Dirk Englund
    • 2
  • Jelena Vučković
    • 2
  1. 1.Production Engineering Research LaboratoryCanon Inc.KanagawaJapan
  2. 2.Ginzton LaboratoryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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