Communities of Scientists

  • Frederick Betz
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


As we noted earlier, scientists organize themselves into scholarly societies, publishing research results in society journals and attending scientific conferences. These activities are peer-reviewed by the community for scientific quality. All that scientific information is for free, and scientists do not get paid for publication of scientific results. Instead, scientists find employment teaching in universities or doing research in industrial or in governmental labs. How do scientists in these different kinds of employment settings interact as research communities?


Royal Society Nobel Prize Scientific Society Scientific Progress Marie Curie 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and TechnologyPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA

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