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Origin of Scientific Method

Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


We have emphasized that scientific method is a methodological approach to the process of inquiry – in which empirically grounded theory of nature is constructed and verified. To understand this statement, it is useful to go back in time to see how the method evolved. The origin of modern scientific method occurred in Europe in the 1600s: involving (1) a chain of research events from Copernicus to Newton, which resulted (2) in the gravitational model of the solar system, and (3) the theory of Newtonian physics to express the model.


  • Solar System
  • Scientific Method
  • Scientific Theory
  • Inductive Inference
  • Elliptical Orbit

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  1. 1.

    There are many books and biographies about Copernicus, such as Bienkowska (1973).

  2. 2.

    An interesting account on the relationship of Brahe to Keler is Ferguson (2002).

  3. 3.

    There are many books and biographies about Kepler, such as Dreyer (2004) and Stevenson (1987).

  4. 4.

    There are many biographies of Galileo, such as Langford (1998).

  5. 5.

    There are many biographies of Des Cartes, such as Keeling (1968).

  6. 6.

    There are many books and biographies on Newton, such as Tiner (1975).

  7. 7.

    There are many books about the Vienna Circle, such as Kraft (1953) and Sakar (1996).

  8. 8.

    Popper’s principle methodological book is Popper (1934).


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Correspondence to Frederick Betz .

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Betz, F. (2011). Origin of Scientific Method. In: Managing Science. Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management. Springer, New York, NY.

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