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Models in the Social Sciences

  • Frederick Betz
Chapter
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)

Abstract

We ended the last chapter with a strong methodological statement: in science, one can directly measure the properties of a model in experiments. Models rather than theory are directly experimentally validated. Predictions/prescriptions from a model of a natural object can be compared to experiments. Theory is indirectly validated by experiments, through the models which are constructed within the theory. We saw that quantum theory would be indirectly validated through the Bohr model of the atom (from which the empirical formula of Rydberg’s phenomenological law could be directly derived).

Keywords

Natural Object Topological Graph British Petroleum Technology Development Program Topological Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Betz, F. 2001. Executive Strategy. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  2. Forrester, J. 1961. Industrial Dynamics. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  3. Jervis, R. 2010. At Least 11 Workers Missing after La Oil Rig Explosion. USA Today. Associated Press, April 21.Google Scholar
  4. Twentyman, J. 2010. IT Leads a Nation's Recovery. Financial Times, June 16, p. 3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and TechnologyPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA

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