Models in the Social Sciences

Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


We ended the last chapter with a strong methodological statement: in science, one can directly measure the properties of a model in experiments. Models rather than theory are directly experimentally validated. Predictions/prescriptions from a model of a natural object can be compared to experiments. Theory is indirectly validated by experiments, through the models which are constructed within the theory. We saw that quantum theory would be indirectly validated through the Bohr model of the atom (from which the empirical formula of Rydberg’s phenomenological law could be directly derived).


Biomass Methane Petroleum Shipping Marketing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and TechnologyPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA

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