National Intellectual Capital of Four Southern European Countries (Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain)

Chapter

Abstract

The four Southern European countries are in the third quarter percentile (21st to 30th) of the National Intellectual Capital Indices for 40 countries (NICI40). Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain ranked number 29, 24, 26, and 22, respectively. Both Greece and Italy ranked higher in financial capital (ranked #23 and #19, respectively) than in their overall IC ranking. Italy is weak in market capital (ranked #36). Portugal lags five ranks behind (ranked #31) its overall IC ranking in renewal capital and Spain is relatively weak in renewal capital (ranked #25).
 

Human capital

Market capital

Process capital

Renewal capital

Financial capital

Overall intellectual capital

Mean

5.86

5.02

4.88

2.25

9.40

27.39

SD

0.29

0.37

0.38

0.36

0.14

1.13

Country

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Greece

5.43

28

4.82

32

4.32

29

1.96

29

9.36

23

25.87

29

Italy

6.07

23

4.60

36

5.07

23

2.62

23

9.54

19

27.90

24

Portugal

5.94

25

5.26

26

4.95

24

1.91

31

9.22

25

27.28

26

Spain

5.98

24

5.39

24

5.16

21

2.50

25

9.47

20

28.51

22

Keywords

Human Capital Market Capital Human Development Index Intellectual Capital Financial Capital 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiROC
  2. 2.Universal Networking Intellectual CapitalNorrtäljeSweden

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